Laga : Germanic Goddess of wells and springs.
Brigit : Celtic Triple Goddess.
Juturna : Roman Goddess of wells.
Camenae : Roman Goddess of wells and springs.
Coventina : Roman - British Goddess of wells.
Arnamentia : Ancient British Goddess of spring water.
At the base of one of the great World Tree's roots lies the well called Urdarbrunnr, or Urda's Well. This extremely holy well is presided over, ( I do not think guarded is the right word ), by three Jotun maidens, who it is said are hideous to look at. These Norn maidens go by the names of Urda, ( Past ), Verdandi, ( Present ), and Skuld, ( Future ). These wise maidens established the laws that men were to follow, and they hold the past, manipulate the present, and weave the future. Two swans drink from this well, and are as white, " As the film that lies within the eggshell". The mud at the bottom of the well is also this purest of white shades, and it is said that a dew falls on the valley below keeping it evergreen. The Norns water Yggdrasil's root daily so that it will not rot damaging the great World Tree.
This well is also where the Gods hold Their court of justice. Everyday the Gods ride over the rainbow bridge, Bifrost, to hold this court. Well, that is except Thor, who walks to the court wading through the rivers Kormt and Ormt, and both the Kerlauger. I have always had a feeling that Thor does not like horses. He either walks or drives his chariot pulled by goats when he travels. He even gave the horse Gullfaxi to his son Magni, after killing Hrungnir. The Gods use of this location for Their court of justice shows us just how important this location is considered by the Gods.
The next well, which actually was the first to be formed, is Hvergelmir,( John Lindow translates this as, "Hot - Spring - Boiler", in his book on Norse Mythology ), which exists in Niflheim. From this well, or spring, flow the rivers: Svol, Gunnthra, Fjorm, Fimbulthul, Slid, Hrid, Sylg, Ylg, Vid, Leipt, and Gjoll. Gjoll it is said flows directly in front of Hel's gate. It is described in Gylfaggining this way, " And the third root extends over Niflheim, and under that root is the well Hvergelmir". Here it is said the serpent, or dragon, Nidhogg resides. Nidhogg constantly gnaws at the great root and will in the end eat through it and unbalance the great ash tree, but this will not occur until Ragnarok.
The final well is Mimisbrunnr, Mimir's Well, which is, " located in the direction of the Frost Ogres". In this well is "hidden" wisdom and understanding. It is guarded by Mimir and his children, and to drink from its holy waters you must give a personal sacrifice. Mimir is the wisest of Gods because he drinks from the well daily from the horn Gjoll. Wise Odin consulted the head of Mimir even after it was seperated from his body by the Vanir who were not happy with Hoenir. It was into these holy waters that All - Father sacrificed his eye, as a pledge, for a single drink of these waters of wisdom.
Some inside, and outside, of our religion see Yggdrasil, its roots, and these wells as just metaphors in our religion. Some say they just represent Wisdom, Justice, and Retribution. I disagree and actually look to science which is showing us that parallel universes really do exist, and therefore other realities may exist. Of course outside of science, in the realm of religion, we rely on faith, to hold up our beliefs. And therefore I see these great wells for what they truly are; the great holy waters that allow the World Tree to grow and prosper, and allow our universe of worlds to exist.
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Go with Odin's wisdom, Freyja's love and Thor's protection !